Eczema is a general term used to describe itchy, red, scaly skin. Atopic dermatitis is a skin condition that often presents in childhood, usually in the first year of life. The skin’s barrier is compromised and it becomes extremely itchy. Scratching and rubbing result in a red rash that may flake, blister, or even bleed. Keeping your eczema under good control is important to minimize itch and to prevent skin infections, which are more common on eczematous skin.